It’s truly important for you to understand the practice of foreign exchange hedging before you find out why the businesses are now into hedging. In order to understand foreign exchange hedging, you must focus on its wide spectrum. While some people may wonder why you wear a suit for cutting hedges, other may appreciate your association with a hedge fund.
A business resorts to foreign exchange hedging for eradicating, mitigating, and minimizing financial risks. These risks are borne by financial transactions that involve any other currency than what the business considers as base currency for its operations. A large section of stakeholders are affected by foreign exchange risks; it includes individuals from various professional areas like sales staff, purchase managers, senior officers, finance experts, business owners, and general customers.
Few good reasons behind hedging:
International businesses offset risks by utilizing forex instruments through external hedging. Check out the most common approaches that these businesses adopt for managing risks.
1. Doing Nothing
Keeping yourself from taking an unnecessary step is certain an appropriate forex risk management strategy. However, you’ll need to be sure that it’s a truly justified and well-conceived idea to sit back and watch. In doing so, you’re actually accepting the daily spot rate. For a not-so-significant risk, it could be the appropriate step for you. Either your gross margins are quite high or you may have a much lower portion of your business transacted in a foreign currency. Again, hedging may not be perceived as a good strategy in your industry. You may sit back only under these conditions.
2. Full Hedging
Due to the capacity of exposure and the thin margins, this method doesn’t allow you to be exposed to foreign exchange risks. The hedging contract can be booked for all capex items, purchase orders, special projects, and invoices. Businesses that rely on a conservative approach are bound to find it more useful.
3. Padding Margins
This approach is about utilizing foreign exchange gains by padding profit margins actively; this approach compels you to indulge in high risks. This method is good for aggressive businesses that are capable of handling such risk exposure. Certain sophisticated products are incorporated in this method. However, it’s not possible for all businesses to follow this approach due to much higher risks.
4. Strategic Hedging
Planning a strategic move is the most usual approach towards foreign exchange hedging. This is certainly a great means of adding value to your business and minimizing risks with time. You must pay more attention towards every step of forex risk management while opting for strategic hedging. Ensuring predictability and stability are the key objectives of strategic hedging apart from safeguarding profit margins. You’ll need more input from outside sources in order to hit the right plan or strategy.
Businesses hedge due to a number of negative and positive reasons. The good reasons behind hedging are those that combine your ultimate business goals while considering your general objectives. This is one way of identifying the most productive approach towards forex hedging for your business. You may even consider seeking expert advice as you won’t come across any silver bullet for picking a suitable approach.